Devices in 802.11 network structure are connected to each other and are able to communicate with each other without using access points. Similarly, Ad-Hoc mode is also based on peer-to-peer mode of configuration. Ad-Hoc mode creates a network in which services of wireless base are not required. Ad-Hoc mode is also known as IBSS (Independent Basic Service Set).
Wireless Ad-Hoc Network
Wireless Ad-Hoc network refers to a decentralized system on which wireless network is based. The Ad-Hoc network framework is based on the standards of IEEE 802.11 network. The reason of setting Ad-Hoc mode into wireless network is, Ad-Hoc mode doesn’t depend on previous networks, access points or routers. In this network, every node communicates with each other by passing data and based on the network connection, nodes to forward data is dynamically chosen. In an Ad-Hoc network, all the stations or devices are free to connect with any other device within the network range.
Setting up wireless network with Ad-Hoc mode enables Ad-Hoc network to setup a decentralized network. Decentralization of network system increases its scalability where a node doesn’t rely on other nodes. Ad-Hoc networks are easily deployable and requires minimum configuration. All these reasons makes wireless Ad-Hoc network more adaptable.
Setting up Wireless Network in Ad-Hoc mode:
Ad-Hoc mode can be manually configured in wireless network by configuring wireless adapters in the devices. Infrastructure mode is updated in all the adapters as a default option. After this, you need to set the name of wireless LAN (local area network) in all the adapters. At last, ensure that all the adapters operate by using same channel.
Setting up wireless network with Ad-Hoc mode allows devices to form a direct a direct communication link between those devices which want to communicate with each other in a peer-to-peer mode.
Limitations of setting up Wireless Network in Ad-Hoc mode:
Managing network involves difficulties when connection between the communicating devices is lost. Optimal gateway is required for connecting wired LAN to the internet.
Advantages of setting up Wireless Network in Ad-Hoc mode:
Devices in wireless Ad-Hoc network do not require any permission from base network to communicate with other devices. It is a cost-effective network as no access points are required to set up.